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Concertation activities - Actions C3 and D2

Of crucial importance for the purposes of the realization of the project's goals, this action provides concertation activities within a process of active negotiation aiming at optimizing the pasture management plans. Concerning this issue, some meetings with the governments of the nine municipalities included in the project will be organized to develop harmonized grazing plans, mitigate the tensions and conflicts, enhance the awareness about the environmental and economic improvements coming from a proper cattle management.

The previous LIFE Ex-Tra project (LIFE/NAT/IT/000502) "Improving the conditions for large carnivores conservation - a transfer of best practices", whose subject was the Gran Sasso - Laga National Park Authority, highlighted, through the concertation activities developed, a well-structured framework of approvals, expectations and conflicts. In general, breeders assert that the park does not take into sufficient account their difficulties in running their activities, even because of the inadequate enhancement of the typical products produced in their farms.

One of the main reasons of dissatisfaction lies in the regulations that limit the access of the shepherds to the financial instruments provided by the Rural Development Program. The most significant instrument is the livestock agistment, trough which the common lands and the public lands are used. This regulation does not meet the requirements of the Rural Development Program: since it is only temporary and it often addresses many subjects, it does not allow operators to take on long-time commitments as it is provided in the community regulations.

Moreover, in most of the park's area the sharing out of the community agistment areas managed by the Municipalities or the Separate Administrations for the Goods of Collective Use is unknown, and there is no clear idea of the pastures' borders. This fact sharpens the environmental conflicts, which acquire a legal and administrative role between breeders and municipalities. Therefore, the grazing activity cannot be controlled nor well managed, at the expanse of the considered habitats.
As a consequence, under grazed-areas alternate with overgrazed areas, and it sometimes happens that the grazing activity is abandoned.

Thanks to the implementation of a harmonized regulation on the use of the pastures, the Municipalities, the Separate Administrations and the users of the goods of collective use will benefit from common and shared rules, in order to achieve the bureaucratic simplification and the improvement of the grassland management as well, considered as common goods that need to be well managed for the next generations.

The results of this action will be subjected to a prompt check through the action D2 concerning the monitoring of the application status of the pasture plans implemented by the nine Municipalities.
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