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Strategic Aspects

Due to the richness in ecosystems and biodiversity, the project area is involved in anthropic activities of significant economic value, such as breeding and tourism.
The project's main strategical features are connected with these activities, due to the high environmental value of grasslands.

Insufficient regulations on the cattle flows and on the uneven use of the territory
The insufficient availability of drinking troughs determines the confluence of cattle only in some areas, while others are not very used or not used at all. In the overgrazed lands erosion phenomena, which sometimes are very serious, can occur: they show themselves with the elimination of the grass surface and the land degradation (desertification), while the not used areas dynamically become different and more homogeneous floristic areas, with a consequent reduction in biodiversity and loss of environments ideal for important animal species, as it happens in the pastures of juniper habitats which are necessary for the meadow viper to survive.
Along with this issue there are also many other problems, such as the lack of grazing facilities: barns, enclosures and drinking troughs. The lack of drinking troughs in particular leads the cattle to quench their thirst by the upland small lakes, causing serious damages to the 3150 habitat hosting the italian crested newt.  
Besides the insufficient grazing facilities there is also the feeling, on a local level, of a territorial contrast between breeders, local governments and the Park. This problem has been efficiently analyzed by the Park authority within the previous life "Ex-Tra" project, whose intense concertation activity highlighted a complex framework of approvals and expectations, that involves both bureaucratic and regulatory aspects also connected with the grazing areas management.

The impacts of tourism
The Gran Sasso and Laga Mountains National Park, the Campo Imperatore area in particular, along with the highest summits of the Gran Sasso mountain chain is one of the most important tourist attractions in Central Italy.  Here there are mostly two types of tourism: hiking on foot or  tourism on the road. For the first type a tourist flow of about 30,000 people a year has been reported, and it determines the intense frequentation of some paths that are subject to erosion, such as the Vie Normali in Corno Grande, and of some areas particularly appreciated by tourists, such as Fonte Vetica, that are subject to strong pressures on the grasslands, with consequent problems affecting the maintenance of the habitats and creating disturbing elements for some species such as the apennine chamois and the meadow viper.
Strong impacts are determined by tourism on the road, mainly showing itself near the ways that cross the uplands and the areas traditionally used as rest stops. Cars sometimes occupy both the roadway and the surrounding grasslands, seriously damaging wide areas and surfaces. The project implementation will therefore take into account the described problems by creating the necessary facilities to better manage the tourist flow.  
Car parked on the meadows
Meat store
Picnic area
Hikers on the trails
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